2020 Publications

Donate to our Cause

Videos

Browse the latest video presentations on topics such as cancer, heart disease, and oxidative stress from Randolph M. Howes, M.D., Ph.D.

View our Videos ›

Books

Download the latest books from The Howes Selective World Library of Oxygen Metabolism. Dr. Howes currently has 11 books in publication.

Browse the Online Store ›

Newsletter

“Coronavirus (COVID-19) Special Points of Interest”

First, what is a virus and is it alive? Viruses are not “alive” but can be considered pseudo-alive because they require a host cell to begin to function. They use DNA or RNA to pass information to the next round of viruses their host cells make for them. Once inside us, a virus literally hijacks the genetics of our cells. A virus needs to get its genetic material, called a viral genome, into the host cell. This is either DNA or RNA, and for COVID-19 it’s RNA. Then it uses the machinery of the cell to make viral proteins and more copies of itself. Some scientists use benign viruses to carry modified genes to targeted cells as a way of doing gene therapy. A virus usually enters the cell through a protein our cells have on their surface. COVID-19—and SARS before that—use a protein called ACE2, which is on the surface of the cells in our lung, throat and intestinal tract. The COVID-19 virus is a ball with a protein called the spike protein that sticks out all around the virus and looks like a solar corona or a king’s crown. Coronaviruses only infect mammals and birds and there were six that could infect humans before COVID-19. Four cause mild symptoms, like a cold and COVID-19 is the seventh coronavirus and the deadliest by far. Our bodies have not been exposed to it before and have no immunity towards it. Our cells are duped into becoming a slave to the virus. The viral proteins assemble into new “baby viruses.”

Download the complete article (a PDF).